How To Setup A Protected Wireless Connection Via the Command-Line

By ctheroux1 Comment

Setting up a wireless connection via the command line may vary depending on the USB Wireless Interface you are using. These instructions also work for the Raspberry PI running Wheezy. You must be root in order to carry out these instructions.

Make sure that your wireless interface is recognized.

lsusb

Find your wireless interface name (usually wlan0).

ifconfig

Make sure that your network is visible asssuming the ESSID is broadcasted. Replace wlan0 by you wireless interface name.

iwlist wlan0 scan

or

iwlist wlan0 scan | grep ESSID

Prepare your wireless configuration file. It will wait for you to type in your wireless network password. Enter your wireless network password an hit ENTER.

wpa_passphrase Replace-with-your-ESSID > wpa.conf

Find out which wireless driver you are using. The drivers are listed in the drivers section. The driver you are using is usually labelled “Linux wireless extensions”. The driver name is most of the time wext.

wpa_supplicant --help

Initialize the wireless interface. Make sure you replace wpa.conf, wext and wlan0 with the values related to your environment. Some error messages may be displayed. These errors might not prevent your wireless connection from working.

wpa_supplicant -Dwext -iwlan0 -cwpa.conf -B

You can check if your wireless interface is properly initialized.

iwconfig

Issue this command to get an IP address assuming you are using DHCP.

dhclient wlan0

You can install wpa_passphrase and wpa_supplicant is they are not already on your system by issuing the command

apt-get install wpasupplicant
Debian, Linux, Raspberry PI, Ubuntu, Unix, Wheezy

One Comment to “How To Setup A Protected Wireless Connection Via the Command-Line”

  1. […] wireless connection automatically at boot time if the instruction given in a previous post entitled How To Setup A Protected Wireless Connection Via The Command-Line worked. This is pretty straight forward. You must be root to carry out these […]

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